Steven Pinker: Linguistics as a Window to Understanding the Brain

Author channel Big Think   6 год. назад

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Linguistics, Style and Writing in the 21st Century - with Steven Pinker

Does writing well matter in an age of instant communication? Drawing on the latest research in linguistics and cognitive science, Steven Pinker replaces the recycled dogma of style guides with reason and evidence. Subscribe for regular science videos: Watch the Q&A here: In this brand-new talk, introduced by Lord Melvyn Bragg, Steven argues that style still matters: in communicating effectively, in enhancing the spread of ideas, in earning a reader’s trust and, not least, in adding beauty to the world. Steven Pinker is an experimental psychologist and one of the world’s foremost writers on language, mind, and human nature. He is Professor in the Department of Psychology at Harvard University and conducts research on language and cognition but also writes for publications such as the New York Times, Time, and is the author of many books, including The Language Instinct and How the Mind Works. Melvyn Bragg is a broadcaster, writer and novelist. He was made a Life Peer (Lord Bragg of Wigton) in 1998. Since then he has hosted over 660 episodes of In Our Time on subjects ranging from Quantum Gravity to Truth. He was presenter of the BBC radio series The Routes of English, a history of the English language. He is currently Chancellor of the University of Leeds Subscribe for regular science videos: The Ri is on Twitter: and Facebook: and Tumblr: Our editorial policy: Subscribe for the latest science videos:

How to learn any language in six months | Chris Lonsdale | TEDxLingnanUniversity

Never miss a talk! SUBSCRIBE to the TEDx channel: Chris Lonsdale is Managing Director of Chris Lonsdale & Associates, a company established to catalyse breakthrough performance for individuals and senior teams. In addition, he has also developed a unique and integrated approach to learning that gives people the means to acquire language or complex technical knowledge in short periods of time. Jan-21-2014 Update. The video transcripts are now available via the following links: English Only: English + Chinese Translation: In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations)

Why You Should Be Optimistic About the Future | Michio Kaku on Impact Theory

Michio Kaku is a theoretical physicist following in the footsteps of Einstein. With his String Field Theory, he aims to crack open the answers of the universe. His gift of making such an intimidating subject so accessible is how he's helping popularize science for others to digest and explore on their own. Learn why he's so optimistic about our future on this episode of Impact Theory with Tom Bilyeu. SHOW NOTES: Michio describes how his family background influenced his outlook on life. [3:25] Tom and Michio discuss creating and developing wonder in the human mind. [10:43] Michio breaks down his process of discovery and what keeps him curious. [22:39] Michio predicts what human's future on other planets will be. [38:50] Michio shares the impact he wants to have on the world. [46:03] QUOTES: "That's what we physicists do, we invent the future." [10:40] "I would rather work on one big problem and fail than work on lots of little problems and succeed." [29:40] FOLLOW MICHIO KAKU: TWITTER - WEBSITE - FACEBOOK - INSTAGRAM - MENTIONED IN THIS EPISODE BOOKS: Parallel Worlds - [1:53] Physics of the Future - [1:54] The Future of the Mind - [1:55] The Future of Humanity - [1:55] Grit - [14:55] Asimov's Foundation Series - [34:46] CONCEPTS AND STUDIES: String Field Theory - [00:42] Theory of Everything - [7:00] Marshmallow Test - [13:22] Einstein's Theory of Relativity - [16:40] Alpha Centauri - [40:11] Von Neumann Probe - [40:13] PODCASTS: Science Fantastic - [2:42] Exploration - [2:43] PEOPLE: Edward Teller - [1:06]

Steven Pinker on Sex Differences, Human Nature, and Identity Politics (Pt. 1)

Steven Pinker (Professor and Author) joins Dave to discuss his childhood and background, the ideas around gender equity, human nature, the effect of political correctness on the sciences, free speech on campus, his approach to race differences, and more. ***Subscribe: Watch Dave's full interview with Steven Pinker here: *NEW: Official Rubin Report Merchandise: WATCH - "The Left is No Longer Liberal": ****** The Rubin Report is fan funded: SUPPORT MONTHLY (Patreon): SUPPORT MONTHLY or ONE TIME (PayPal): What are your thoughts? Comment below or tweet to Dave: Sign up for our newsletter with the best of Rubin Report each week: ****** Steven Pinker Author, “Enlightenment Now” Steven on Twitter: Get the book “Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress”: ****** Follow Dave on Twitter: Follow The Rubin Report on Facebook: Follow Dave on Facebook: About Dave Rubin: ****** The Rubin Report is the largest talk show about free speech and big ideas on YouTube. Each week Dave Rubin uses logic and reason to have honest conversations about politics, polarizing issues, current events, and more. Dave goes one on one with thought leaders, authors, and comedians in 'The Sit Down,' moderates opposing voices in 'The Panel,' and gives his unfiltered thoughts in 'Direct Message.' The Rubin Report is fan-funded, find us on Patreon.

How to Persuade Others with the Right Questions: Jedi Mind Tricks from Daniel H. Pink

Sales guru and persuasion expert Daniel H. Pink explains how you can use motivational interviewing to influence others' thoughts and behaviors. Pink's latest book is To Sell Is Human: The Surprising Truth About Motivating Others. Read more at Follow Big Think here: YouTube: Facebook: Twitter: Transcript: So let me give you a hypothetical. Suppose that you're a parent and you have a daughter, say a teenage daughter, who's room is an absolute mess. It just looks like a bomb went off in there and you want your daughter to clean her room. You're trying to sell her on the idea of cleaning her room. What do you do? Well, you could try to bribe her and that might work in the short term. You could try to threaten her -- that might work in the short term. You can try to exhort her, you can try to, you know, tell her about the meaning of clean rooms. But there's actually a technique from actually the counseling literature really crystallized by a fellow named Mike Pantalon of Yale University called motivational interviewing. And what you can do more effectively is ask two irrational questions. So, let's say that you have a daughter named Maria and Maria has a messy room and you want Maria to clean her room. The two questions you could ask Maria are this. "Maria, on a scale of one to ten, one meaning I'm not ready at all; ten meaning I'm ready to do it right now. How ready are you, Maria, to clean your room." Now, Maria's room is a pig sty so she's not going to give you a ten or a nine or even a five. Maybe she'll give you a two. So she says, "Dad, I'm a two." Well here's where the second question comes in and it's a really interesting counterintuitive question. You say to Maria, "Okay, Maria. You're a two. Why didn't you pick a lower number?" Now our instincts as parents is to say -- as a parent of three kids I have this instinct very strongly. If my kid were to say to me I'm a two, I would say, "What, why are you a two? You should be a nine." But you say, "Why didn't you pick a lower number, Maria?" So here's what happens. Maria has to explain why she isn't a one. Okay. So she says, "Well, you know, I am 15 and I probably should get my act together. You know, if I had my room cleaner I'd be able to get to school on time, faster and maybe see my friends a little bit more. You know, you and mom never know where anything is anyway so I'm kind of wasting my time asking you to help me." What happens? With that second question why didn't you pick a lower number, Maria begins articulating her own reasons for doing something. And this is really axiomatic in sales and persuasion. When people have their own reasons for doing something -- not yours -- their own reasons for doing something they believe those reasons more deeply and adhere to the behavior more strongly. Now suppose Maria says, "Dad, on a scale of one to ten I'm a one." Okay. That makes things a little more complicated but it's actually really, really important to understand this. If you say to Maria -- if Maria says, "Dad, I'm a one." Here's what you say to Maria. "Maria, what can we do to make you a two." And what often that does is this. Maria will say, "Well maybe if you and mom help me for 15 minutes to get this started." "Maybe if you maybe not set the table and take out the trash tonight, that would free up some time for me." Because usually when people are a one, it's often because -- not because they're purely obstinate. It's because there's some kind of environmental obstacle in front of them. And if someone says they're a one, find out what that obstacle is, try to make them a two and that might give you some more momentum. Now the example I just gave had to do with parenting but you can use this more universally. Now you can't whip it out at every single persuasive encounter but you can use it to persuade your boss. You can use it maybe to persuade a reluctant prospect in an actual sales encounter. You can use it with someone -- your neighbor who's resisting moving his garbage cans or something like that. The key here -- and again you've got to go back to first principles here. The key here is that we tend to think that persuasion or motivation is something that one person does to another. And what the social science tells us very clearly is that it's really something that people do for themselves. And your job as a persuader, as a motivator, is to reset the context and surface people's own reasons for doing something. Because it works a lot better.

Steven Pinker - Psychologist, Cognitive Scientist, and Linguist at Harvard University

How did humans acquire language? In this lecture, best-selling author Steven Pinker introduces you to linguistics, the evolution of spoken language, and the debate over the existence of an innate universal grammar. He also explores why language is such a fundamental part of social relationships, human biology, and human evolution. Finally, Pinker touches on the wide variety of applications for linguistics, from improving how we teach reading and writing to how we interpret law, politics, and literature.

The Floating University
Originally released September, 2011.

Additional Lectures:
Michio Kaku: The Universe in a Nutshell

Joel Cohen: Joel Cohen: An Introduction to Demography (Malthus Miffed: Are People the Problem?)

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